PIPELINE INSPECTION SERVICES
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- Direct Assessment Pipeline
- Life Expectancy Investigations for pipelines
- Corrosion Inspection and Analysis
- Failure Analysis Investigations & FEA Analysis
- Cathodic Protection Design
- CP Installation & Close Interval Survey
- Non-Destructive Inspection
- Soil Corrosives& pH Determination and Mapping
- Pipeline Coating Inspection
- Technical Audit of Pipeline Manufacturing Plants
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- Pipeline Coatings : Selection and Testing
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- Pipeline Weld Qualification
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- Visual On-Site Inspections
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- Mechanical Damage Evaluation
PIPELINE INSPECTION SERVICES
Matco Services has years of experience in all aspects of pipeline inspection and assessment of pipelines. Our team includes Ph.D.s, registered professional engineers, and certified inspectors from a variety of technical disciplines, including petroleum engineering, corrosion, mechanical engineering, coating inspection, chemistry, metallurgy and materials science. We also have a comprehensive array of laboratory and field testing equipment, all calibrated on a routine basis in accordance with both national and international standards. This team is ready to be put to use at a moment's notice. MATCO offers an array of pipeline inspections and evaluation services including the following:
- Pipeline Inspection Companies
- Pipeline Inspection Services
- Gas Pipeline Inspection
- Pipeline Explosion inspection
- Gas Pipeline Explosion Expert Witness
- Pipeline Evaluation
- Pipeline Coating Assessment
- Pipeline Damage Inspection
Corrosion on pipelines is directly related to the internal and external (soil) conditions present for the unique location of a given pipeline, as well as to the materials of manufacturing and the quality of these materials. Pipelines in submerged conditions are subject to a greater risk of corrosion because of the continuous presence of corrosive moisture – the electrolyte necessary to have the electrochemical corrosion reaction proceed. The specific chemical composition, resistivity and redox potential of the soil/water table will determine the relative corrosivity or risk of corrosion.
In addition to the soil characteristics, it is useful to measure the electrochemical potential of the structure in the electrolyte (soil or water). This is done using methodologies developed by the underground pipeline industry and recognized by NACE International and other professional societies and regulatory organizations. The structure-to-soil potential of a buried asset can be related to the present state of corrosion, with less electronegative values of potential indicated an increasing likelihood of active corrosion. By using sacrificial (galvanic) cathodic protection or impressed cathodic protection system, corrosion can be mitigated by shifting the structure-to-soil potential to more electronegative values( 0.85 Volts vs Cu/CuSO4 ) where the corrosion reactions are not favored thermodynamically.
A site investigation includes partial excavation for visual assessment of the underground structure. The visual observation complements the non-invasive structure-to-soil potential evaluation and, in the instances of active corrosion, allows direct assessment of the state of corrosion . It also allows for visual observation of mechanical damage and the condition of protective coatings at and below the ground line. If sufficient material loss has occurred to compromise the design strength of the pipeline, replacement of the components may be required.
MATCO's extensive experience with coated pipelines provides specific knowledge and know-how that can evaluate pipelines from the coating point of view, the first defense against corrosion in these structures. We can evaluate the existing coating, predict its performance both under and above ground, and also recommend repair or select a new coating for that specific soil/water table application. This knowledge comes from our experience in evaluation of numerous coated pipelines in different soil environments and corrosive conditions. This type of evaluation requires both metallurgical and coating experience with underground pipelines. Very few firms have the specific knowledge required to evaluate aged painted galvanized towers and poles.
The first steps in a site investigation include recording the pipeline identification, type, and GPS location. The orientation will be confirmed and recorded before performing any inspection evaluations. The immediate area surrounding the structure must also be examined and documented to look for other structures or buried pipes which may influence the evaluations which are to follow.
Soil resistivity will first be measured and recorded before any soil is disturbed. Structure-to-soil potentials and close interval potential readings will also be measured before soil disturbance.
As excavation proceeds, soil samples should be obtained from the near-surface and bottom of the excavation, or wherever different soil conditions are noted. Soil pH and redox potential should be measured on-site; samples will be procured for off-site analysis of sulfur and chloride content, with enough sample quantity retained for additional evaluations of pH, soil composition or soil resistivity per ASTM G 57 if required or requested at a later time.
Excavation of the buried structure to the required depth should be conducted. Dirt/rust removed should be removed from the structure by brushing and/or washing. Visual assessment may be complemented by holiday testing on coated structures; paint and coating thickness measurements may both be required.
The MATCO team has experience working in many other fields; from design, implementation and monitoring of cathodic protection to paint inspection to failure analysis to remaining life determination. Some of our clients include Allegheny Energy, Valmont, California Edison, US Airways, First Energy and NY Power.
The Next Step... While MATCO has the expertise and the technology to unravel even the most difficult material failures, your input is vital for a complete analysis. By filling out the service request form and giving us a description of the problem, you can be sure that all aspects of your problem will be considered. We’ll send you a proposal for your work, including methods and costs. Solutions are just around the corner!